I.W. Bailey: Frontier Preacher

Isaac William Bailey: Digital Records 2012
9/24/1855 – 12/21/1942
Preparation and early ministry

The following 21 numbered references fill in many of the blanks in the I.W. Bailey story as a frontier preacher. As a young single man he proved a homestead in Kiowa County, Kansas in the early 1880s. Following this adventure in the western movement, he returned to his native Indiana where he attended Franklin College, affiliated with the Baptist church, and was involved with many churches in the late 1880s through 1903. These earliest references are included as the last three numbered references, 19, 20, and 21.

Following his marriage in 1892 to Flora Tabitha Taylor and the birth of four children, Edna, Ruth, Hattie, and Ogle in Indiana, the young Bailey family moved to the homestead in Kiowa County, Kansas. Two additional children were added to the family in Kansas, Lowell, and Gertrude, the author’s mother. Most of the pictures below and in two associated albums were in Miss Bailey’s picture album, an invaluable archive which included writing on most pictures. The author’s notes in the following narrative are in parentheses for context and clarification from the digital search of Isaac William Bailey in 2012.

1.        Relocation to Kiowa County, Kansas 1903

(The I.W. Bailey family is shown below in about 1902-3.  The first four children, Edna, Hattie, Ruth, and Ogle were all born in Indiana prior to their moving to the homestead in Kiowa County, Kansas about 2003. In Kansas, I. W. was affiliated initially with three known churches all in Comanche County. He was clearly an early circuit riding preacher, and travelled by horseback or wagon to the churches and homes in Coldwater, Protection, and Wilmore, Kansas, and throughout the counties. 

2.        Additions to the Bailey family in Kansas 1903 - 1907

(The following picture from 1910 shows the two Kansas additions to the Bailey family:  Lowell in 1905, and Gertrude the author’s mother, in 1907.  The balance of the digital records are from local publications in Comanche County plus selected pictures from Miss Bailey's album.  Exactly which portions of the records are I.W.’s contributions, and which may be from other sources is not known, but the flavoring from the era is fascinating. A few reports are duplicated, but vary descriptively)  

3.        (Marriage ceremony conducted by I.W. at the Bailey home in south Kiowa County, Kansas, July 27, 2004)

Description: http://genealogytrails.com/kan/00KansasGraphics/Kansastrailslogo.gif





Alvert N. Baker and Miss Orpha Edmonston, both of Protection, were united in marriage on July 27, 1904. by Rev. I. W. Bailey, at his home In Kiowa county. They will begin housekeeping at once at their home In Woods county, Okla. (Western Star, August 11, 1939, page 11, number 5)

4. (Coldwater Baptist Church funeral, Coldwater, Kansas, February 1907)

The Western Star, February 15, 1907.

Willie Richardson's Sad Death.
Willie, the 17 year old son of Mr. and Mrs. A. R. Richardson, met a sad death on last Saturday. A short time before noon he was at work about a feed wagon at the home of his father on the M. C. Campbell ranch in the southwestern part of Clark county, and while setting on the feed wagon he started to put a shotgun, which he carried, into the scabbard. The gun slipped from his hands and fell to the ground, striking on the stock and causing the load to be discharged. The ball struck the body of the young man about the thigh and ranged upward, passing through some of the vital organs and lodging, evidently, in the upper part of the chest. Death ensued at about 11 p.m. The body was brought to Coldwater on Monday forenoon and laid to rest in the Coldwater cemetery. Rev. I. W. Bailey of the Baptist church conducted the funeral exercises. The Woodmen camp of this city, of which the father is a member, rendered timely and appreciation assistance in performing the last sad rites of burial. The bereaved family whose hearts are now bowed down with almost inexpressible grief have the sincere sympathy of all.
The Clark County Clipper, February 14, 1907.

William Richardson
A young man named William Richardson, 17 or 18 years old, who lived with his parents on the M. C. Campbell ranch south east of town, was accidentally shot and killed last Friday.
He had started to the field with a wagon and hay-rack, and seeing some geese on the field, concluded to take the gun, a rifle or very large caliber. The gun in some manner fell through the hay frame, and the boy in catching it by the muzzle to draw it back, struck the hammer in some way that caused it to discharge. The ball struck in the thigh and ranges upward through the body, finally landing in the shoulder. Of course there was no hope of recovery from such a wound.
He died the next day and was buried in the cemetery at Protection.
Note the contradictory information in the above news articles about William Richardson's burial place; his burial place is unknown to the maker of this web site. I suspect, however, that the Western Star was correct and that he was buried at Coldwater.
(As I.W. was the pastor at both the Coldwater and Protection Baptist churches burial at either site is a possibility)

5. (Rev. Bailey, Protection Baptist Church, presides over funeral at M.E. Church in Protection, March 16, 1907)
The Western Star, March 15, 1907.

D.W. Hind
The announcement yesterday morning that D. W. Hind had died the night before at his home in Protection tp. came as a surprise to the people all over the county. Many were not even aware that he was sick. Death occured at 10:47 p.m. on Wednesday, March 13, 1907. The immediate cause of death was uraemic poisoning. He had been sick only a week or so and no apprehensions had been felt that his condition was dangerous.

Deceased was a native of Ohio. He was educated principally in Cleveland, that state. In about the year 1886, he emmigrated to Clark-co., Kans., and proved up on a claim the southeastern part of that county. He taught a few terms of school in that county and in this county, his first term in this county being in Protection during the winter of 1894 and 1895. Mr. Hind was a skilfull surveyor and civil engineer. In 1898 he was elected county surveyor of this county, which office he still held at the time of his death. Before coming to this part of Kansas he had assisted in an extensive survey through the southwestern portion of the United States.

Mr. Hind possessed many of the qualities of true manhood. His mind was well stored with useful information and his heart always beat in sympathy and in love for his fellow-men. In the truest sense D. W. Hind was a good citizen and useful member of society in the community in which he lived. He had always been a hard working man and in his dealings he was upright and obliging with all. At the time of his death Mr. Hind was about 42 years of age.

Funeral services will be conducted at the M. E. church in Protection some time tomorrow. The father of the deceased is expected to arrive this afternoon from Ohio. Rev. I. W. Bailey of the Baptist church will preach the funeral sermon. The Odd Fellows lodge of Protection, of which Mr. Hind had long been an honored member, will have charge of the burial services. Interment will be made in the Protection cemetery.

6.   (Funeral services conducted in the home of Abram VanWey, Protection, Kansas, April 1907)

THE WESTERN STAR, 19 April 1907


Walter Lafayette VanWey, son of Mr. and Mrs. Abram VanWey, died at 8:30 p.m. on Thursday, April 9, 1907, after a five weeks' lingering illness of scarlet fever. His age was 11 years, 10 months and 9 days. He did not suffer intense pain, but throughout his sickness was very patient. Lovingly was he cared for in his home and kind hands gently laid him to rest. Being the only son of his fond parents, it seems heart breaking to live without him, as he was loving, gentle, industrious and a great joy in his home. But his death is a notable victory. The body yielded to the powers of disease, but the spirit triumphed through faith in Christ and went home with the angels to live with God. He leaves devoted parents and two sisters, Minnie and Wilma, and other relatives and many friends to mourn his loss. Rev. I. W. Bailey conducted the funeral services at 3 p.m. on Wednesday at the home. Interment was made in the Protection cemetery.

The Western Star
April 12, 1907


Walter, the only son of Mr. and Mrs. Abe VanWey of Protection tp. died on Tuesday after an illness of about two weeks. The immediate cause of his death was thought to be scarlet fever. Funeral services were conducted on Wednesday afternoon and were in charge of Rev. I. W. Bailey of the Baptist church. Interment was made in the Protection cemetery. Walter was a bright, industrious and obedient boy. He was the only son, and the only living child, two sisters having preceded him in death. Many were the hearts that were saddened by the news of his death, and to the parents whose sore affliction seems now almost unbearable the profound sympathy of all is extended.

Transcribed and Contributed by Shirley Brier

7.   (Funeral services conducted in M.E. Church, Protection, by Rev. I.W. Bailey, Baptist church minister, 5 July 1907)

Obituary of HUGH W. VANCE


Another pioneer settler and respected citizen of Comanche co. is gone! At 8 p.m. on Monday, July 1, 1907, Hugh W. Vance died at his home near Protection after an illness of about two weeks. Death was the result of an aggravated stomach trouble, with complications. Funeral services were conducted at 4 p.m. on Tuesday at the M. E. church in Protection, by Rev. I. W. Bailey of the Baptist church and interment was made in the
Protection cemetery.

Deceased was born in Roane co., Tennessee, on December 27, 1838, and was, therefore, 68 years, 6 months and 4 days old at the time of his death. He moved when a young man from Tennessee to Iowa where he lived until 1884, when he came to Comanche co., settling near Protection. In 1867 while in Iowa, he was married to Miss Emeline Noftsger, who survives him. To the union nine children were born, three of whom died in infancy. The surviving children are: Mrs. Lizzie Hungerford, whose home is near Alvaretta, Okla.; William and Lloyd, who also live in Oklahoma; Frank and Fred, also Mrs. P. A. Johnson, of this county.

Mr. Vance was a good citizen and neighbor. He was frank and honest in his convictions and upright in all his dealings. He died in the saving faith of a risen Savior. In their bereavement the grief stricken relatives have the sincere sympathy of all. Transcribed and Contributed by
Shirley Brier

8.     (Construction and operation of Wilmore Baptist Church)

The Wilmore Baptist Church was founded in 1907 with the Reverend Bailey as the pastor. I haven’t been able to get the actual years that each pastor was at the church but here is a list of what I believe were all the pastors to serve at the church: Reverend Bailey, J. P. Woods, Russell Pittman, Ernest Wood, Reverend Pennington, Noel Wood, Kenneth Mayfield, Ernest Lawrence – 1956 – 1964 and Aljoe Watters.

(Pictured below are the Rev. I.W. Bailey standing in the Wilmore Baptist Church during construction, and a second picture of his oldest daughter, Edna, standing in the same general location inside the church during initial construction in 1907.)

(The following is a picture of the Wilmore Baptist Church during construction in 1906-7.  The Rev. Bailey’s third daughter, Hattie, is seen hanging on the fence outside the construction site.)

(The following picture is of the Wilmore Baptist Church more currently as shown on the internet)

9.       (I.W. conducts wedding ceremony in Croft, Kansas, Pratt County)

Pratt County Marriages

Earl F. Walker, 21 of Sun City to Della Tryon, 22 of Croft. Dec. 25, 1907 at Croft, I.W. Bailey, mg.

10.      The Western Star, February 7, 1908


Mrs. P. D. Thornhill died at the home of her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Z. J. Bratcher, 2 1/2 miles south of Protection, on February 5, 1908.
Emma Bratcher Thornhill was born near Protection on November 10, 1886. At death she was 21 years, 2 months and 26 days old. Her death, so thrilling, shocking and sad, has intensely grieved her relatives and friends. The cause of death was impacted bowels. She was suddenly taken sick at noon on last Saturday and grew worse rapidly until the Death Angel relieved her of worldly pain, at 5 minutes of 4 o'clock on Wednesday morning. Words are inexpressible in speaking of the loss of this friend, but our loss is heaven's gain. But, how we will miss her! She was so kind and loving and such a true and noble woman, and in the blossoming of womanhood. We sometimes do not understand God's mysterious works, but surely He doeth all things well.

She was married to Pony Delzell Thornhill on August 23, 1903, and she leaves one little son, Orville, as an affectionate comfort to a husband, parents, one sister, and two brothers. Rev. I. W. Bailey conducted funeral services at the M. E. church on Thursday at 3 p.m. Sincere sympathy is extended to the sorrowing family. Interment was made in the Protection cemetery.

11.      The Western Star, 29 January 1909

Marriage of Walter L. Cook & Mary Baker

At 5:30 p.m. on Saturday, January 23, 1909, at the home of the bride's parents in this city occurred the wedding of Walter L. Cook and Miss May Baker, Rev. I. W. Bailey of the Baptist church officiating. Only a few of the near relatives were present. The groom has been a resident of Protection practically all his life and is a well know and most worthy young man. He has, by diligent study and persistent effort, succeed in scouring a good education and is now one of Comanche co.'s successful young teachers. At present he is the principal teacher in the New Eden Union district. The bride is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. A. H. Baker, now of this city, and is a young lady of many worthy qualities. She has a large circle of friends, especially in the western and southwestern parts of the county. Mr. and Mrs. Cook will, for the winter, make their home in the New Eden district. The Star wishes them many happy days, and may their wedded life be filled with the blessings of true manhood and womanhood. Transcribed and Contributed by Shirley Brier

12.    Protection Post, 16 June 1910

Death and Obituary of John Robert Morton)


Jan. 4, 1839


Jun. 8, 1910
Woodward County
Oklahoma, USA

Description: http://www.findagrave.com/icons2/trans.gif
John Rucker Morton was born near Booneville, MO, Jan. 4, 1839. He was the son of James Quinn Morton and Artemissia Ellison and was one of fifteen children. ...
He grew to adulthood in MO and on 11 Mar 1865, he married Sarah Hazel, in the home of the bride's father, Edward Hazel in Cooper Co., MO. Six children were born to this union while they resided in MO: Emma, Joe, Warren, John, Sadie and Rollaigh (Rolla). The family migrated west and settled at what was then known as Red Bluff, in Comanche Co., arriving in 1884. After the town of Protection was organized, the family then moved there were John became a merchant and served as a commissioner. On 8 Jan 1887, another daughter, Hazel, was born. Mother Sarah died in childbirth. After the death of the mother the responsibility of caring for the family fell upon the eldest daughter, Emma. Little Hazel passed away on 8 Jul. 1887. On 14 Jun. 1892, John Sr. married Alice Alexander, in Ashland, KS. To this union four daughters were born: Mildren, Olive, Augusta and Bertha (who died in infancy). In 1900 John and Alice, with the younger children moved to Woodward, OK. He passed away 8 Jun. 1910. Both John and Sarah and baby Hazel, are all at rest in the Protection Cemetery. ..... ("Comanche County History", 1980, Pg 549; portion of article regarding John Rucker Morton and his family)

DEAD. The funeral of John R. Morton who died at his home near Woodward, Okla., the fore part of last week, was held from the Baptist church here. Saturday afternoon, conducted by Rev. I. W. Bailey. The remains accompanied by his son, Warren of Coldwater, arrived on the afternoon train and followed by a large concourse of friends and relatives was taken to the Baptist where the funeral services were held. The body was then escorted by a large funeral cortege to the local cemetery where interment was made by the side of his wife and daughter who had proceeded him to the silent realms of eternity.
John R. Morton was at one time one of the foremost business men of this community but had spent the last few years of his life on his claim near Woodward, Okla. His death will be grieveously felt by all his relatives in this section of the county of whom there are many. (Protection Post, 16 Jun 1910, Pg 1) 



13.      A Tribute to Mother Cosby, Coldwater, June 27, 1929

By M. L. S.

Comanche county lost its most cherished pioneer when Mother Cosby passed on to a new frontier, toward the land of the setting sun.

As the sun drops over the western horizon behind a pink and silver cloud, leaving its most glorious purple haze, so the life of Comanche county's most distinguished and best loved citizen slipped out through the golden gate into eternity. The noon day life was passed, the shadows were lengthening and falling toward the east - the glorious sunset was approaching.

Her theme in life was the brotherhood of man. Her dominant trait - the length and breadth, depth and height of her love for humanity - will never be estimated, for she not only loved the good and deserving, but those who were down and out as well. If every person whom she has cheered along life's pathway could have opportunity to drop one flower on her grave, the whole town would not hold the flowers. Someone has said, "Friendship is the greatest flower that blooms along life's dusty highway."

I shall always treasure her friendship. It was like a silvery, gleaming star of the first magnitude that shone through a rift in the storm clouds and lent a gleam of hope when storms were raging, within and without, - or as all on troubled waters smooth the waves of the mighty ocean.

As a pioneer and a builder she has left imprints on the hearts of the people as few other individuals ever will, for Mother Cosby was one among a thousand, and her personality was such as few others have possessed.

Her memory is a benediction. May it ever be cherished in legend, song or story as long as the sun sends its golden glow and purple haze over the plains, hills and valleys of southwestern Kansas.

Florence Irene Cosby, daughter of Foy Cosby, grand-daughter of Florence Jane (Rodgers) Cosby.


14.        (I.W. Bailey of Ottawa is announced as presiding over a funeral in Protection, June 28, 1929)

The Western Star, June 28, 1929.


Another pioneer settler in this part of the state, and one of Comanche-co’s best loved women, has passed on. At her home in this city, a few minutes before 4 p.m. on last Wednesday, June 26, 1929, the earthly life of Mrs. M. M. Cosby came to an end, after an illness of just five weeks.

Brief funeral services will be held at the home in this city at 1:30 p.m. on Friday, with Rev. C. C. Brown of the M. E. church in charge. The body will then be taken to Protection, where, at 3 p.m., services will be conducted from the M. E. church. It is expected that Rev. I. W. Bailey, a former Baptist pastor in that city, will be in charge. Rev. Bailey’s home is now in Ottawa, but he has been in Colorado of late. Burial will be in Protection cemetery, where the infant children of Mr. and Mrs. Cosby are buried.

While in Protection on May 22, she suffered a broken shoulder bone and severe bruises from a fall as she started to pass into another room, opening a door to the basement by mistake and falling down the basement steps. She was brought to her home in this city and given the best possible care.

Her injuries from the fall appeared to have aggravated a diabetic condition, from which she had suffered at intervals for 12 years or more. About two weeks before her death, the effects of the diabetes became decidedly manifest, and from that time she grew gradually worse. For nearly two weeks before her death, she had been unconscious most of the time and took practically no nourishment. Toward the end she lapsed into a deep sleep, it having been necessary most of the time to keep her under the influence of opiates.

Florence Jane Rodgers was born in Ripley-co., Indiana, on December 3, 1860. She was a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Gamaliel Rogers, and was the eldest of ten children. In the year 1867, the family moved to Jefferson-co., Indiana. In Madison, that county, on March 16, 1881, she was united in marriage with Merritt M. Cosby.

Three years later, or in the fall of 1884, Mr. and Mrs. Cosby yielded to the lure of the West. In September of that year they settled on a claim about ten miles northwest of Protection, thus becoming pioneer settlers in this and Clark-co.

About the year 1890 they moved to Protection and continued to make either that city or Coldwater their home, with the exception of a few years – from 1901 to 1907 – when they lived in Jefferson-co., this state.

During the month of August, 1918, Mr. and Mrs. Cosby moved to Coldwater. Mr. Cosby having been appointed to the office of probate judge to succeed Owen Connaughton, and here they continued to make their home.

We doubt if there is another woman in Comanche-co. who is better known or more universally loved and esteemed than was Mother Cosby, as she was called by her many friends. And there was a reason for such reverent devotion on the part of her friends. Throughout all her life she had shown, to a remarkable degree, kindness, sympathy, thoughtfulness and a spirit of loving service toward all about her.

In time of sickness, or when any sorrow or affliction visited a home, Mother Cosby was one of the first to give help and good cheer. For her, no sacrifice was too great, if only she could help a relative or friend. In her home she was the very embodiment of filial love and devotion. How she will be missed! But the memory of her countless deeds of love and of her consecrated Christian life will ever remain as a benediction to all who knew her. She has passed on, but she will not be forgotten.

Mrs. Cosby is survived by her husband and by two sons and one daughter. Two infant children – George Otto, aged 10 days, and Myrtle, aged six months, preceded her in death. The surviving children are: Mrs. Jany Baker of Ashland, Fred Cosby of Kansas City and Foy Cosby of this city. She is also survived by two brothers and four sisters – D. G. Rogers of Buffalo, Okla.; S. N. Rogers of Doby Springs, Okla.; Mrs. Tana Schwoerke of Norman, Okla.; Mrs. Cella Dees of Doby Springs, Okla.; Mrs. Pearl Lynch of near Liberal, Kans., and Mrs. Belle Morris of Butler, Mo. Two brothers – Mokie and Willis Rogers, and one sister, Mrs. Jessie Pauley – preceded her in death. One grand-daughter, Virginia Cosby, also survives her.

Mrs. Cosby had, though all her life, given much of her time and thought to religious work. For about twenty-five years she had been an active member of the Baptist church. Previously, she was a member of the Methodist Episcopal church. Her church membership was in Protection. In countless ways she had manifested her faith in Christ and her devotion to His teachings. Hers was a faith that was steadfast and triumphant. In every way, she was prepared for Death’s summons. Her life was well lived, and she has gone to claim her just reward.

At the time of her death, Mrs. Cosby was 68 years, 6 months and 23 days of age.


15.      (I.W. Bailey conducts funeral service for Mother Cosby, July 5, 1929)

The Western Star, July 5, 1929.


A large number of Coldwater people went to Protection on last Friday afternoon to attend the funeral of Mrs. M. M. Cosby.

Brief services were held at 1:30 p.m. at the home in this city. Rev. C. C. Brown of the M. E. church had charge of the services here. At 3 p.m., services were held in the M. E. church in Protection.

The church was crowded, even the galleries being well filled. Rev. Brown of this city read the Scripture lesson, after which Rev. T. A. Searcy, the Baptist pastor in Protection, read the obituary and offered prayer. A mixed quartet from the Protection Baptist church sang a few selections very beautifully. The funeral sermon was then preached by Rev. I. W. Bailey, formerly pastor of the Baptist church in Protection, but now of Ottawa, Kans. He brought a message of hope and of encouragement to the living, and showed how much it means for any one to live a beautiful and consistent Christian life, such as was that lived by Mrs. Cosby. He urged all to emulate the splendid examples of kindness, hospitality and loving service to man and to God, which so completely filled the life of Mother Cosby.

In the vast congregation, there was no one who did not feel that, in the passing of Mrs. Cosby, they had lost one of the best and truest of friends, and all felt the loss keenly, and almost as a personal one. Memories of countless deeds of love and of personal sacrifices on the part of Mrs. Cosby crowded themselves upon all present during the funeral services. Interment was made in the family lot in the Protection cemetery.


16.       The Rev. I.W. Bailey (grandpa) and his devoted wife, Flora (grandma), are pictured below with six and a half grandchildren, cousins in the 1940s.  The picture was probably taken at their home in Ottawa, Kansas, 145 South Cedar, where grandpa was the minister of the First Baptist Church until his eventual retirement.

I am the smallest in the picture.  For an entire year (1935-6) my sister and I lived with the grandparents while our mother taught school in Plains, Western Kansas.  Daily I sat on grandpa’s lap while he told me an endless stream of stories.  As far as I know he never let on that some of his stories may have been from the good book.  At the same time, his experiences as a young man were unbelievably diverse during his youth and early years in Indiana, Western Kansas, and eventually in Ottawa, where they lived in my earliest memory. 

Following grandpa’s death in 1942, grandma was invited to attend the 50th anniversary of the Baptist Church in Protection.  My wife and I drove grandma Flora to Protection for the celebration ceremony, and undoubtedly she relived the many years they lived on the Kiowa County homestead, where they raised their young family. 

I.W. and Flora (grandma and grandpa) are both buried in the Roselawn
Cemetery in Salina, Kansas.  A fitting tribute was inscribed on each headstone:

“A pioneer pastor who has left a record sweet for memory to dwell upon”. 

Isaac William Bailey’s headstone

Flora Tabitha Taylor Bailey’s Headstone:
“Homeward serenely she walked with God’s benediction upon her”


17. - 18.   The following picture albums of the Baileys' are provided in Indiana, and in Kansas:   http://bobandlois.net/bobandlois_files/picturealbums/baileyalbum.htm/iwbaileyalbum.htm


19.     Indiana Baptist History: 1798 – 1908, pp268-269

This Association was organized in 1859. In 1860 the Association was represented at the Convention by the Rev. L. McCreary as delegate. In 1866 there were seven churches and 214 members, and the Rev. E. L. Cool was moderator. The pastors in the Association were the Revs. J. H. Dunlap, J. G. Kerr, M. A. Kerr and L. Cool. Burnett’s Creek church had the largest membership, seventy-five. The statistics for 1875 were nine churches, 355 members, the Rev. D. j. Huston moderator, and the Rev. A. H. Dooley, clerk. The pastors were the Revs. R. B. Craig, H. Miner, A. Renfrew, D. J. Huston and A. H. Dooley. Substantial growth is indicated by the statistics for 1896; there are fifteen churches and a total membership of 965. The largest membership was in Goodland church, 222. The pastors at that time were the Revs. R. A. Fuson, I. W. Bailey, J. L. Matthews, W. S. Kent, D. J. Huston, I. B. Morgan, C. E. Volivia and J. A. Haynes. The Annual for 1906 gives the following facts: Churches, fifteen; missions, one; membership, 1,302, and a total annual benevolence of $584.41. Of this amount Goodland church gave $163.68 and Burnett’s Creek $78.03. Many of the young men and young women of this Association were once students in Franklin College, and many' of the pastors were also students there.

The following old students are recalled as having once been pastors of some of the churches: The Revs. D. J. Huston, A. H. Dooley, R. B. Craig, C. H. Hall, L. O. Stiening, J. L. Matthews, I. W. Bailey, J. C. Rhodes, J. A. Morgan and J. L. Beyl.

20.        Churches and Societies, Chalmers, Indiana
The town maintains three religious organizations. Soon after the town was platted the Methodists commenced to hold services in various houses, and in 1881 erected a small frame church. They have since maintained an organization, and in 1900 built a modern house of worship. Rev. E. O. Chivington, the pastor, has also the charge at Brookston.
In October, 1897, the Baptist Church of Chalmers was organized, with Rev. I. W. Bailey as pastor. Following him, in succession, were Revs. Charles Bunnell, A. H. Kay, W. A. Kleckner, A. J. Unthank, R. W. Thorne, C. L. Merriman and C. B. Stephens. Mr. Stephens assumed the pastorate in October, 1913, and the present membership of his church is about 130.

21.        The Baptist Church: Wolcott, Indiana
The Baptist Church of Wolcott, of which Rev. G. W. Livingstone is pastor, was organized in July, 1889, by about twenty members who met at the Methodist meeting-house. In the following year Mrs. Solomon Rader gave the society two building lots and a substantial house of worship was completed in the fall of 1891. A parsonage was built in 1894. Rev. W. H. VanCleve was the first pastor of the church and the following were its first officers: Richard Pugh, Sr., and Solomon Rader, deacons; J. W. McDuffie, clerk, and J. L. Pitts, treasurer.
Following Mr. Van Cleve as pastor were I. W. Bailey, W. R. Puckett, J. A. Haynes, C. S. Davisson, C. L. Merriam, J. M. Cauldwell, R. W. Thorne, J. I. Slater, C. M. Pattee, L. O. Egnew; R W. Thorne and C. L. Merriam (second pastorates) and G. W. Livingstone.

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